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The literature on teacher-leadership suggests that the notion has developed over time and some have argued that this development comprises three stages or ‘waves’ that progressively de-link the idea from the formal organizational hierarchy. The third wave emphasizes that teacher-leadership is a process rather than a positional concept and notes that teacher-leaders tend to possess many of the characteristics of transformational leaders. The literature also suggests that third wave teacher-leaders are excellent classroom instructors. This paper described a Hong Kong study that explored the relationship between the exercise of transformational leadership in the university classroom and student perception of the quality of their classroom instruction. In a university setting, the results indicate that a fourth wave of teacher-leadership could include transformational classroom leadership as one of the defining qualities of a teacher-leader.


HKIBS Working Paper Series 056-045

Recommended Citation

Pounder, J. S. (2005). Transformational classroom leadership: Developing the teacher leadership notion (HKIBS Working Paper Series 056-045). Retrieved from Lingnan University website: