•  
  •  
 

其他篇名 Alternative Title

Reduplication in Old Chinese and its change : historical formation of the morphological pattern ABB for adjectives

摘要 Abstract

AA式疊音詞在上古漢語中已經出現,主要是作爲實詞使用。上古漢語中的疊音詞很多在後代消失了,有的作爲習語的組成部分保留下來,有的在後來發展爲複合詞的組成部分,有的進一步發生了詞法化,變成了形容詞的詞綴。重疊形式變爲形容詞詞綴並廣泛使用是唐代以後的事。本文主要討論ABB式形容詞詞法模式的歷時形成過程及機制,並指出其中的疊音後綴從性質上看屬於評價性形態,具有較强的主觀性。考察評價性形態的形成與演變是漢語語法化研究的一個獨特的待開展的方面。

Reduplication forms (AA forms) occurred in Old Chinese, which functioned as content words. Some of them disappeared at a later stage, some others became the component of idioms, and still others became component of compounds which further became affix through the process of morphologization. This paper explores the process and mechanisms of the evolution of ABB pattern for adjectives. The reduplication affix in the pattern belongs to evaluative morphology in nature, having strong subjectivity. Studying on the origin and change of evaluative morphology should be a promising and especially needed aspect in the grammaticalization research of Chinese.

關鍵詞 Keywords

重疊, 詞法模式, 詞法化, 評價性形態, 主觀性, reduplication, morphological pattern, morphologization, evaluative morphology, subjectivity

語言 Language

Chinese (Traditional)

備註 Additional Information

感謝徐傑教授和崔山佳教授的寶貴意見。

版權聲明 Copyright Statement

香港嶺南大學中文系(編),上海古籍出版社(出版)

參考書目格式 Recommended Citation

董秀芳 (2021)。上古漢語中的重疊及其演變 : ABB式形容詞詞法模式的歷時形成。《嶺南學報》,第十五輯,頁269-290。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol15/iss1/12

Share

COinS