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其他篇名 Alternative Title

Research on the sporadic tonal conversion from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese

摘要 Abstract

字調流變是指從上古到中古的語音演變過程中個别字的調類轉移。要確定某字的上古調類,可資利用的材料有上古韻文及通假字。周祖謨先生據上古韻文考證出了若干中古爲上、去聲,上古惟讀平聲的古今異調字。本文據簡帛通假補苴周説,同時結合經籍舊注、漢魏六朝韻文嘗試勾勒這些字聲調流變的過程。關於字調流變的原因,有些可能與變調構詞有關,有些尚需深入研究。聲調源於韻尾假説,其後置韻尾的構擬與中古調類一一對應,難以解釋字調流變現象。

Sporadic tonal conversion refers to the phenomenon that a small amount of characters belonging to one tone in Old Chinese evolved into another tone in Middle Chinese. There are two kinds of documents which can be used for the identification of the tone of a character in Old Chinese, i.e., verse and phonetic loan characters. In this paper, we made in-depth exploration of the phonetic loan characters from the inscriptions on bamboo slips, old annotations of classics and verse to outline the process of sporadic tonal conversion. And the reasons why this conversion happened were also discussed.

關鍵詞 Keywords

上古聲調, 字調流變, 簡帛通假, 經籍舊注, 韻文, Old Chinese tones, sporadic tonal conversion, phonetic loan characters, old annotations of classics, verse

版權聲明 Copyright Statement

香港嶺南大學中文系(編),上海古籍出版社(出版)

語言 Language

Chinese (Traditional)

備註 Additional Information

本文曾在2020年11月7日嶺南大學中文系主辦的《嶺南學報》復刊學術會議之八“早期中國的經典與語言”學術研討會上宣讀,與會汪春泓、馮勝利、徐剛、汪鋒、趙彤諸先生就有關問題的討論讓作者獲益良多。匿名審稿人不僅指出了文中引用材料的疏漏,還對拙文的一些表述提供了修改意見。謹向以上諸位致以誠摯的謝意!

參考書目格式 Recommended Citation

劉鴻雁、馬毛朋 (2021)。論從上古到中古的字調流變現象。《嶺南學報》,第十五輯,頁241-267。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol15/iss1/11

Available for download on Friday, July 01, 2022

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