其他篇名 Alternative Title
Recluses and considerations of involvement and withdrawal : some Qing literati’s disquisitions on Yin (Withdrawal)
This paper reexamines the rationale of eremitism in the Chinese political tradition and argues that the recluses’ considerations were highly pragmatic rather than idealistic. Ever since ancient times, jingshi (ordering the world), the pursuit of a career in the officialdom so as to ameliorate the state and society, had been the ultimate goal of the literati. Before they entered government service, their speculations and thoughts on yin (withdrawal) were often the results of their anxieties over the emperors’ potential actions concerning official selections and appointments. When facing a new regime, the literati’s original identity with the fallen dynasty motivated them to stay away from the new political order’s recruitments. Therefore, for most Chinese literati, yin was not merely a philosophical and existential quest for freedom from mundane everyday life. In fact, more often than not, it represented a political declaration or ethical manifesto. After offering some historical contexts and backgrounds of the phenomenon of eremitism, the paper examines three Qing scholars’ views of yin: Tang Zhen’s idea of zhenyin (eremitism of faith), Zhang Taiyan’s notion of xueyin (eremitism of scholarship), and Gong Zizhen’s zunyin (eremitism of honor). These three archetypal arguments and conceptions not only revealed their inspirations by earlier examples of thoughts on reclusion but also expressed new formulations of the justifications and patterns of yin.
隱士, 逸民, 出處進退, 遺民, 經世, recluse, withdrawal, Chinese literati, political identity, ordering the world
版權聲明 Copyright Statement
參考書目格式 Recommended Citation
鄭吉雄 (2021)。隱士逸民與出處進退 : 清儒論“隱”。《嶺南學報》，第十四輯，頁239-278。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol14/iss1/10