其他篇名 Alternative Title
The Xing Ji tradition in Chinese literature
Xing ji (inspirational irony and images of substitution) is an important and widely accepted theoretical concept of Chinese classical poetics. Previous research on classical Chinese writings shows that xing ji had been a free and unrestrained lyricism characterized by analogy and metaphor. As Chuci (Songs of Chu) achieved the same status as Shijing (Classics of Poetry), xing ji was absorbed into the system of shi jiao (instruction through poetry) and bi xing (analogical and affective image), and it consequently adopted the feature of obscurity. Xing ji was further driven toward profundity and subtlety at the semantic level by the straightforward evaluative criticism of the history of poetry since the Song dynasty. The profound, subtle, and obscure xing ji induced two patterns of criticism: (1) “biographical studies and historical criticism of poetry” which depends on the meticulous apprehension of the inner structure of the text, such as Lu You’s annotations of Su Shi’s poetry and Qian Jianyi’s of Du Fu’s; (2) “subtle words that inspire profundity and affective images that inspire transcendence” which emphasizes the meaning of the text itself, such as the Changzhou school’s criticism of the history of ci-poetry. Having overcome the rigidity attached to the word meaning, the fetter from the forceful intervention of historical interpretation, and the overwhelming flow of xing gan (affective feelings), xing ji remains a vigorous literary tradition and has become a core existence in the ever-changing history of Chinese literature.
興寄, 抒情方式, 比類, 托喻, 詩教, 詩史, xing ji, lyricism, analogy, metaphor, instruction through poetry, history of poetry
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參考書目格式 Recommended Citation
馬里揚 (2021)。中國文學的“興寄”傳統。《嶺南學報》，第十四輯，頁1-32。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol14/iss1/1
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