•  
  •  
 

其他篇名 Alternative Title

The Dapu rituals in Pre-modern East Asian countries

摘要 Abstract

歷代施政,能受人民以歡樂心情迎接者,爲數不多,或歷時不久。筆者歷思往事,以爲實施時間久,百姓實質受惠大,而無太大弊端者,蓋有三事:一日鄉飲酒,二日養老,三日大酺。大酺一事,由朝廷允許百姓自由歡樂飲酒若干日。事自受人民歡迎,然自戰國晚葉趙國率先實施起,大盛於唐之高宗、則天兩朝,至宋朝猶見其尾聲,堪稱史上最受歡迎禮典之一。不僅此也,韓、日、越等東亞各國亦斷斷續續舉行大酺禮典,堪稱頗有意趣之活動,可惜學界多不甚注意。筆者以爲學界可研究之事本不爲少,且史上之佳話並非無有,故取歡樂之事研究之,似亦人生可爲之事,大酺活動不失爲其中一種。

Not many rulers in history received people’s warm welcome, at least not for long even if they did. The author argues long rulership that brought forth a thriving time and without fundamental flaws usually performed three rituals: 1. xiang yinjiu 鄉飲酒 (district wine drinking); 2. yang lao 養老 (veneration for the elderly); 3. da pu 大酺 (feasting). Da pu refers to the ritual that the royal court approved of people’s feasting and drinking for a few days. One of the most welcomed rituals in history, da fu started in the State of Zhao in the late Warring States period, enjoyed its heyday during the rules of Emperor Gaozong and Empress Wu in the Tang dynasty, and gradually saw its end in the Song dynasty. Da pu not only was held in China, but also was seen in many East Asian countries including Korea, Japan, Vietnam, etc. However, this ritual has not attracted sufficient scholarly treatment. The authors fills this gap by researching on the praises of da pu, this enjoyable ritual.

關鍵詞 Keywords

鄉飲酒, 養老, 大酺, 古代東亞, 中、韓、日、越史料, ceremonies of xiangyinjiu, pension, da pu, ancient East Asia, historical materials about China, Korea and Vietname, xiang yinjiu, yang lao

版權聲明 Copyright Statement

香港嶺南大學中文系(編),上海古籍出版社(出版)

語言 Language

Chinese (Traditional)

參考書目格式 Recommended Citation

葉國良 (2020)。古代東亞各國所見的大酺活動。《嶺南學報》,第十三輯,頁231-240。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol13/iss1/11

Share

COinS