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其他篇名 Alternative Title

The aesthetic features of Zeng Gong’s guwen and its relationship with that of Ouyang Xiu’s

摘要 Abstract

曾鞏古文自宋至清爲論者所推崇,以爲乃歐陽修嫡傳,然民國以後讀者漸少,學者雖猶時時論之,亦認同前揭前人説法,但對於曾鞏究竟如何承繼歐陽修,實缺乏細密分析與論述。按,歐陽修古文有二大特質:就行文言,極盡“宛轉”之能事;就格調言,則多濃厚抒情。本文謹擇曾鞏《相國寺維摩院聽琴序》、《齊州雜詩序》、《贈黎安二生序》、《王無咎字序》、《墨池記》等五篇爲例,以見曾文之“宛轉”風貌;復取《送王希字潛之序》、《學舍記》、《劉伯聲墓誌銘》、《二女墓誌》、《懷友一首寄介卿》等五篇爲例,以見曾文之“抒情”格調,冀可藉此彰顯曾文之美感特質,並且適時與歐文對照,俾以掌握歐、曾相承之關係,間亦指出二者之差異,供學者參考。

Zeng Gong’s 曾鞏 guwen 古文 (ancient-style prose) is viewed as a direct successor to Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修 and is well regarded by the scholars from the Song to Qing dynasties. However, his readership declined since the Republican Era ( 1912 _ 1949) . In spite of the discussions on his work with continued appreciation, there lacks detailed analysis and treatise of the ways in which Zeng Gong succeeded Ouyang Xiu in terms of ancient-style writing. Ouyang Xiu’s ancient-style writing occupies two main aesthetic features, including, first of all, the tactful and wanzhuan 宛轉(euphemistic) writing style; second, the sentimental and lyrical tone. This paper selects five pieces of Zeng Gong’s guwen works, including “Xiangguosi weimoyuan ting qin xu” 相國寺維摩院聽琴序 (The Preface of Listening to Zither Music at Xiang Guo Temple), “Qizhou za shi xu” 齊州雜詩序 (The Preface of Miscellaneous Poems at Qizhou Prefecture), “Zeng Li An er sheng xu” 贈黎安二生序 (The Preface Dedicated to Two Scholars Named Li and An at Parting), “Wang Wujiu zi xu” 王無咎字序 (The Preface on Wang Wujiu’s Courtesy Name), and “Mo chi ji” 墨池記 (The Record of Ink Pond) as examples, in order to analyse Zeng’s euphemistic style of writing. This paper also selects another five pieces, including “Song Wang Xi zi Qianzhi xu” 送王希字潛之序 (The Preface Dedicated to Wang Xi with the Courtesy Name Qianzhi at Parting), “Xueshe ji” 學舍記 (The Record of Study Hut), “Liu Bosheng muzhiming” 劉伯聲墓誌銘 (The Epitaph of Liu Bosheng), “Er nü muzhiming ” 二女墓誌 (The Epitaph of Two Daughters), and “Huai you yi shou ji Jieqing” 懷友一首寄介卿 (An Article about Missing Friend, for Jieqing), in order to illustrate Zeng’s lyrical tone. In doing so, this paper aims to highlight the aesthetic features shed light on the poetic relationship as well as differences between Ouyang and Zeng.

關鍵詞 Keywords

曾鞏, 古文, 美感特質, 歐陽修, 宛轉, 抒情, Zeng Gong, guwen, aesthetic features, Ouyang Xiu, wanzhuan, lyricism

版權聲明 Copyright Statement

香港嶺南大學中文系(編),上海古籍出版社(出版)

語言 Language

Chinese (Traditional)

參考書目格式 Recommended Citation

何寄澎 (2019)。曾鞏古文的美感特質 : 兼論其與歐陽古文的關係。《嶺南學報》,第十一輯,頁197-216。檢自 http://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol11/iss1/9

Available for download on Sunday, March 01, 2020

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