A further inquiry into Mou Tsung-san's discussion on “why be moral”
鵝湖學誌 = Legein Semi-Annual Journal
理性, 非理性, 本心本性, 呈現, 自棄, 真實, 虛妄, rational, non-rational, original heart-mind and original nature, present, self-denial, real, illusory
In the previous article "An Inquiry into Mou Tsung-san's Discussion on 'Why Be Moral'", I have made an explication on the reason for being moral as held by Confucianism: A person who is endowed with the original heart-mind has an obligation to actualize it. The article has also pointed out that an is-ought problem will be derived from this affirmation. Nevertheless, if it is considered that the actualization of the original heart-mind is not a conclusion reached by logical reasoning, but rather a choice made by free will, then the problem mentioned can be avoided. However, another problem might arise: A person who possesses the original heart-mind can refuse to actualize it thus does not endorse ＂actualizing the original heart-mind＂ as a reason for being moral. If it is the case, then this person has to admit that he or she is non-rational. Hence, even though not to actualize is non-rational, it is still permitted, from the point of (theoretical) reason. This result would undermine the necessity of morality. Here we are facing a dilemma which will be firstly dealt with in the present article.
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