A clash of colonialisms : sports culture in Hong Kong under the Japanese occupation

Document Type

Book chapter

Source Publication

Japanese imperialism : politics and sport in East Asia : rejection, resentment, revanchism


1st ed.

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page



Palgrave Macmillan


Japanese Imperialism, Japanese Occupation, Japanization, Hong Kong, Politics, Sport


After a brief but bloody military campaign‚ the invading Japanese forces occupied Hong Kong on Christmas Day 1941. For the following three years and eight months, the Japanese military administration tried to impose a new social order through the ‘Japanization’ of Hong Kong. The role of sport in this remodelling policy has been largely ignored‚ but it can provide a test-case to examine how superficial that ‘Japanization’ was in practice. This article discusses the sporting culture of Hong Kong on the eve of the Japanese invasion; the immediate impact of the military campaign and the imposition of Japanese rule; the policies of the new Japanese administration in terms of health, education and sporting activities; the extent to which Japanese-style sporting priorities were carried out; and the legacies of Japanese policies and influences after the war ended, including any impact on contemporary Hong Kong-Japan political and sporting encounters.



Publisher Statement

Copyright © The Author(s) 2018. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Additional Information

ISBN of the source publication: 9789811051036

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version



Recommended Citation

Bridges, B. & Phillips, D. R. (2018). A clash of colonialisms: Sports culture in Hong Kong under the Japanese occupation. In J. A. Mangan, P. Horton, T. Ren & G. Ok (Eds.), Japanese imperialism: Politics and sport in East Asia: Rejection, resentment, revanchism (pp. 245-278). Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan.