擺脫束縛的都市經驗與文化 : 珠江三角洲農民工家庭研究
中國大陸; 珠江三角洲; 農民工; 階級; 都市生活
Since the early 1980s, contemporary China has been experiencing a dramatic change. Most researchers of China studies are concerned with its implications for social association and politics. Among them, some even feel passionate and have fantasy about the ever-expanding private sector and then predict new political changes. Others feel pessimistic about the market economy and see most emerging social groups as a kind of political "escapism".
This article, with focus on several rural migrant workers in the Pearl River Delta, explores the lived experience of these working people's home territories. While most live in factory dormitories segregated by sexes, some workers, particularly those married, live in rental houses and build up their temporary homes outside factories. Various social networks and activities are derived from these spaces.
This article attempts to go beyond the view of family and home as a natural unit. It borrows the recent theories about domestic domain and sees "home" as a set of lived relation, imaginary space and territories. It is not simply a physical unit rooted in a locality or a container of family; instead, it is a locality situated in a variety of tensions including settlement and displacement, local practices and global forces, which could be seen as a part of the process of making power relations in capitalism. The most noteworthy is how the disadvantaged group tries to evade power relations in everyday life. For peasant workers, factory life is less an emancipation than a price they pay for enjoying modern life and gaining economic reward. Yet many workers could not enjoy lives of stability in their new families. The relation of production in factory does not bring working class family to them. They attempt to get rid of their identity of worker and escape from politico-economic constraints to create their own spaces in which they have conjugal intimacy, build up co-villager network, maintain familial life and pursue social mobility. In other words, they define urbanism in their own ways.
葉蔭聰 (2008)。擺脫束縛的都市經驗與文化: 珠江三角洲農民工家庭研究。《文化研究》，6﹐195-241。