Date of Award


Degree Type

TPG Capstone Project (Taught Postgraduate Project)


Sociology and Social Policy


Prof. Stefan KÜHNER


This multidimensional case study aims to capture the urban characteristics of age-friendly cities and communities in three international cities, Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Singapore. As the aging population has become global phenomena, various aging ideologies were proposed to address the issues caused by the significant demographic shift. The four common aging ideologies: healthy aging, productive aging, successful aging, and active aging that is widely adopted in age-friendly development; apart from the above aging ideologies, positive aging, a distinctive branch found in geropsychology study suggested that individual’s preparedness is as important as societal readiness emphasized in the four environment-related wellbeing regarding aging population. Through literature reviews of the aging ideologies, similarities found in the intersections of various aging approaches that elderly wellbeing is subjected to individual’s perceptions or interpretations towards life events occur; and the different implementations of these aging well ideologies in countries and regions reveal that urban features hold important role in designing tailored age-friendly measures. Together with the evidence found in the three selected cities summarized a unique aging concept related to human geographic aspects and the correlation of human and ecology.


In this case study, multiple elements have been covered to demonstrate the transitive relation between aging, elderly wellbeing, and retirement in order to present 1) Ecological aging contexts; and 2) Urban age friendly.



Recommended Citation

Cheng, W. Y. (2022). Multidimensional case study of age-friendly cities and communities in Hong Kong, Tokyo and Singapore (TPG Capstone Project, Lingnan University, Hong Kong). Retrieved from

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