Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) Working Paper Series

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Women’s labor migration from Bangladesh gained traction in 2013. According to the Bureau of Manpower, Employment, and Training, a total of 2,91,098 Bangladeshi women moved for employment between 2015 and 2019. However, the most difficult challenge Bangladesh has is the repatriation of the majority of them from Middle Eastern nations owing to violence at the destination, which includes overwork, forced imprisonment, non-payment of salaries, malnutrition, and emotional, physical, and sexual assault. The death toll is also rising, expressing concern about migration policy. As a result, the study seeks to determine the extent to which the structure of Bangladesh’s female labor exporting policy has the ability to safeguard such women in destination countries. This qualitative study seeks answers by conducting a careful content analysis of accessible secondary data and policy papers on the breadth and limitations of Bangladesh’s women’s labor exporting laws.


Women migrants, Bangladesh, Empowerment, Alienation, Poverty, Migration policy




IPS Working Paper No.3



Recommended Citation

Hussain, R. & Shimul, S. M. A. K. (2023). Women migrant workers and their transition across state boundaries: Labour exporting policies of Bangladesh and the reality. (IPS Working Paper Series No.3). Hong Kong: Institute of Policy Studies, Lingnan University. doi: 10.14793/ipswp_03