Date of Award


Degree Type

UG Dissertation (Restricted)



First Advisor

Prof. Michael Ingham


Science fiction and fantasy novels often face an uphill battle to be recognized as among the most influential classic literature. Despite the relevance of significant and universal themes in these works, there often seems to be an “otherness” to them which limits their status as classics. This study aims to use the science fiction novel Ender's Game by Orson Scott Card as an argument against the genre bias which marginalizes sci-fi works. It reveals the multiple layers of the novel including its contemporary relevance, its allegorical implications and its intriguing speculations. In the practical sense, it suggests the novel as part of a university science fiction elective course and shows how it can help to improve the reluctant reading culture in Hong Kong, especially among young students.

Recommended Citation

Chan, K. L. C. (2015). Overcoming the genre bias against science fiction: The multi-layered Ender's Game and its allegorical implications (UG dissertation, Lingnan University, Hong Kong). Retrieved from