Date of Award


Degree Type

UG Dissertation (Restricted)



First Advisor

Professor Elizabeth Ho Hung Lam


Revolution. Expansion. Colonies. War. These words may give us a brief summary of the history of the past two centuries, where Western dominant powers experienced an era of power and military expansion and industrial miracle in the 19th century, and where Asian nations have undergone brutal wars and revolutions to transform into "civilized" nations under Western influence and control. As nations and states went against each other to protect their interests in the World Wars and various revolutions in the 20th century, the demolition and rebuilding process during these historial events has brought great trauma to not only states as a whole but also individuals of society. These changes to individuals are even more obvious in the aspects of gender. As history is never intermittent and what happened in the past may influence us into the people we have become today, in this research project, I aim to explore how historical events and trauma may impact gender in four literature texts: Memoirs of a Geisha (1997), The World of Suzie Wong (1957), Farewell My Concubine (1993) & M. Butterfly (1988).

Recommended Citation

Ho, K. Y. T. (2014). Historical wounds and hope: A study in how historical events and trauma impacts gender in four fictions: Memoirs of a Geisha, The World of Suzie Wong, Farewell my concubine & M. butterfly (UG dissertation, Lingnan University, Hong Kong). Retrieved from