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The present study administers a Chinese version of the Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ) to blue collar Chinese workers in Hong Kong (N=120, 44 males, 66 females) and China (N=313, 83 males, 223 females); it examines relations among safety climate (safety attitudes and communication), work stress (job strains) and safety performance (accident rates and occupational injuries). The study also aims at comparing safety climate and safety performance between older and younger workers, and between male and female workers. The results show that the Chinese SAQ is a moderately reliable instrument; some safety attitude scales are related to accident rates for both samples. Further, job strains (perceived work stress, psychological distress and job dissatisfaction) are related to accident rates or injuries

With respect to age and gender differences, there are age differences in some safety attitude scales for the China sample but not the Hong Kong sample, with older workers exhibit more positive attitudes towards safety. However, there is no age difference in communication, accident rates or injuries for both samples. The results also show that there are some gender differences in safety attitude scales for both samples, with females reported more positive attitudes towards safety. However, there is no gender difference in communication, accident rates, or injuries for both samples. The implications of these results are discussed in the paper.


CPPS Working Paper Series No.104 (7/00)

Recommended Citation

Siu, O. L., Donald, I., Phillips, D. R., & She, K. H. B. (2000). Safety climate and employee health among blue collar workers in Hong Kong and China: Age and gender differences (CPPS Working Paper Series No.104). Retrieved from Lingnan University website: