Title

《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》: 哲學、文學與電影

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Organizer

嶺南大學實踐哲學文學碩士課程、中文文學碩士課程及三聯書店(香港)有限公司合辦

Document Type

Public Seminar

Date

3-2-2013

Time

2:30 p.m. -- 4:30 p.m.

Venue

香港中環域多利皇后街9號中商大廈2樓 創Bookcafe (三聯書店樓上)

Description

中文大學哲學系高級講師陶國璋博士及嶺南大學人文學科研究中心署理主任黃淑嫻博士應三聯書店邀請,於公開講座上從哲學角度探討電影《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》有關人生的隱喻,包括對於人性的醜陋、絕望與想像、自我調解以及宗教的反思等,與讀者分享一次心靈追尋之旅。

應屆奧斯卡金像獎導演李安改編馬泰爾的得獎小說 《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》,把主角Pi與孟加拉虎Richard Parker在海上飄流227日的經歷拍成電影。Richard Parker一方面是主角Pi遇難時心理爭鬥的影像投射,他最初不能接受與一頭猛虎共處,最後卻成功把它馴服,顯示人性與獸性的鬥爭與妥協,亦闡釋了唐君毅在《與青年談中國文化》(節錄)所談的人禽之別。

陶國璋博士認為李安藉著《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》,讓觀眾反思人、神和自然三者環環相扣的關係,他的呈現手法,就如王家衛導演執導的《一代宗師》裡闡釋的三個練武階段的最後階段「見眾生」(依序為「見自己」、「見天地」與「見眾生」),意指練武之人經歷不同的人生階段與生活歷練,最終回到人間眾生,對自然和眾生產生一種關懷。

黃淑嫻博士則認為李安改編的電影比原著更感性,他以美麗的手法表現醜陋的真相,全片只著力描寫一個童話包裝的幻想故事,對於結尾出現的似乎是殘酷真相的描述卻極少;顯示李安對人生充滿希望,認為人性是光明的。

Dr Tao Kwok-cheung, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy of The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Dr Mary Wong, Acting Director of Lingnan’s Centre for Humanities Research, discussed at a public seminar the metaphors of life as shown in the blockbuster Life of Pi from a philosophical perspective. Topics included the weaknesses of humanity, hopelessness and imagination, self-mediation and reflections on religion. The seminar was organised by Joint Publishing (Hong Kong) Limited.

Oscar-winning director Ang Lee presented on the silver-screen Yann Martel’s well-acclaimed novel, an adventure story of the protagonist Pi and a Bengal tiger Richard Parker, who survive 227 days after a shipwreck. Richard Parker is more than a visual projection of Pi’s internal conflicts following the devastating accident. Pi’s change from finding it unacceptable to live with the tiger to taming it denotes the struggle and compromise between humanity and brutality. It is also seen as an interpretation of Chinese philosopher Tang Junyi’s lecture on the difference between humans and animals in his On Chinese Culture for the Young.

Dr Tao believes that Director Lee’s film inspires the audience to rethink the inextricable relationship between man, god and nature. His presentation was similar to that of Wong Kar-wai when the latter presented the final of three stages of practising martial arts – think of oneself, of the world and of all the living – in The Grandmasters. After going through different stages of life and accumulating various experiences, martial arts practitioners will return to the living world and develop care and concern for nature and all the living.

Dr Wong pointed out that Director Lee’s film is more sentimental than the original novel. With the harsh truth presented by pleasing means, the film was a fantasy disguised as a fairy tale. Little was told about the harsh truth at the end of the story. All these point to Ang Lee’s belief that life is full of hope and men are born good rather than evil.

Recommended Citation

黃淑嫺、陶國璋 (2013,3月2日)。《少年Pi的奇幻漂流》: 哲學、文學與電影 [視頻]。檢自: http://commons.ln.edu.hk/videos/8

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