Title

“一不小心X”构式与反预期主观情态

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

语言科学 = Linguistic Sciences

Publication Date

11-1-2016

Volume

15

Issue

6

First Page

638

Last Page

644

Publisher

徐州师范大学语言所

Keywords

一不小心X, 反预期, 专化, 异化, 泛化, 比较, yi bu xiaoxin X, counter-expectation, specification, alienation, generalization

Abstract

本文在分析"小心X!"的基础上,比较其与"一不小心X!"构式的差异,探讨后一构式从专化到异化,再到泛化的演化进程,探索预期与反预期主观情态的作用,并指出反预期不仅仅存在于语用层面,而且也存在于句法语义层面。

Based on the analysis of the construction "xiaoxin X!" (小心 X!) and the comparison between "xiaoxin X!"and "yi bu xiaoxin X!" (一不小心 X!), the paper illustrates how the latter construction evolved from specification to alienation and then, generalization. It discusses the effect of expectation and counter-expectation in subjective modality. Furthermore, it proposes that counter-expectation exists in the aspect of pragmatics, and syntactic semantics as well.

Print ISSN

16719484

Funding Information

国家社科基金项目 (批准号12BYY101) 成果之一。{12BYY101}

Additional Information

本文曾在“第五届海外中国语言学者论坛” (2015,成都) 上宣读,修改后再次在“第八届现代汉语语法国际研讨会暨30周年庆典” (2015,杭州) 上宣读,是国家社科基金项目 (批准号12BYY101) 成果之一。

Recommended Citation

邵敬敏、王玲玲 (2016)。“一不小心X”构式与反预期主观情态。《语言科学》,15(6),638-644。

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