Title

Turnaround, corruption and mediocrity : leadership and governance in three state owned enterprises in mainland China

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Journal of Business Ethics

Publication Date

3-1-2003

Volume

43

Issue

1/2

First Page

111

Last Page

124

Keywords

China, Corruption, Moral atmosphere, Moral ethos, Transformational leadership

Abstract

We focus on moral climates through case studies of three state owned enterprises (SOEs) in a South China City. In Company A, a shipbuilding company, the general manager persuaded the supervisory bureau to allow him to replace the old top management team with managers chosen on merit, and who supported his desire for reforms. He exercised transformational leadership, established internal rule of law, cultivated a spirited moral climate, and achieved turnaround. At Company B, a financial services conglomerate, the general manager exploited strong political connections, enfeebled the governance structures, and with two subsidiary barons proceeded to milk company resources. That, and a large contingent of sleeping incumbents (idle protégés), bred a moral climate overrun by corruption, dereliction of duty and hubris. Bankruptcy was not averted. Hotel X, a subsidiary of company B, was a partial machine bureaucracy; its moral climate characterised by punishment avoidance and lack of spirit. A headquarters power bloc and the sleeping incumbents whom they protected prevented a law abiding, equity sensitive general manager from improving performance, and he lost heart. From these cases, we build a model of the relationship between moral leadership, institutional superstructure, internal governance and control systems, enterprise moral atmosphere, and performance.

DOI

10.1023/A:1022919418838

Print ISSN

01674544

E-ISSN

15730697

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers

Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Huang, L. J., & Snell, R. S. (2003). Turnaround, corruption and mediocrity: Leadership and governance in three state owned enterprises in mainland China. Journal of Business Ethics, 43(1/2), 111-124. doi: 10.1023/A:1022919418838