Title

Person-environment (P-E) fit models and psychological well-being among older persons in Hong Kong

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Environment & Behavior

Publication Date

3-1-2010

Volume

42

Issue

2

First Page

221

Last Page

242

Keywords

Congruence model, Older persons, P-E fit, Psychological well-being, Residential adjustment

Abstract

Conceptualizations of person-environment (P-E) fit were examined in a range of residential environments in Hong Kong by comparing three P-E models: the congruence model, the priority model, and a modified version of a model from Massam (2002). The study aimed to identify how older people perceive their fit with their living environment in Hong Kong, a predominantly Chinese society. Older residents in old urban areas and new towns were compared on how they utilized and related to their environments. Three environmental domains (structural, informal, and formal) were used to assess the extent of P-E fit. A short version of WHOQoL (as a measure of psychological wellbeing, PWB) was used as the dependent variable in the regression model. Irrespective of demographic variables and location of residence, the congruence model provided the best account.

DOI

10.1177/0013916509333426

Print ISSN

00139165

E-ISSN

1552390X

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2010 Sage Publications

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Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Phillips, D. R., Cheng, K. H. C., Yeh, A. G. O., & Siu, O.-L. (2009). Person-environment (P-E) fit models and psychological well-being among older persons in Hong Kong. Environment & Behavior, 42(2), 221-242. doi: 10.1177/0013916509333426