Global aging and aging workers

Document Type

Book chapter

Source Publication

The Oxford handbook of work and aging

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First Page


Last Page



Oxford University Press


demographic aging, older workers, employment, unemployment, labor force, discrimination


This chapter outlines the nature and causes of demographic (population) aging. Diversity is a global feature, with countries and regions worldwide at rather different stages in terms of percentages of older persons. Falling and sometimes very low fertility has generally caused the demographic aging of populations, although greater life expectancy also plays a part. The chapter outlines effective age of retirement and labor force participation of older workers and the key aspects of the 2002 Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing. Selected issues arising from aging workforces are examined : older workers' skills; unemployment and underemployment; mental and physical changes; and age bias and workplace discrimination. The future implications of the interplay between population aging on economic growth are introduced.



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Copyright © 2012 Oxford University Press

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Additional Information

ISBN of the source publication: 9780195385052

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Recommended Citation

Phillips, D. R., & Siu, O.-L. (2012). Global aging and aging workers. In J. W. Hedge & W. C. Borman (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of work and aging (pp. 11-32). doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195385052.013.0015