Title

Relationship of health locus of control with specific health behaviours and global health appraisal : a meta-analysis and effects of moderators

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Health Psychology Review

Publication Date

1-1-2016

Volume

10

Issue

4

First Page

460

Last Page

477

Publisher

Routledge

Keywords

Health, Health Appraisal, Health Behaviour, Locus Of Control, Perceived Control, Quality of Life

Abstract

Health locus of control (HLOC) refers to beliefs regarding how one’s health is influenced by oneself, others, or fate. This meta-analysis investigated whether three HLOC dimensions (internality/I-HLOC, powerful others/P-HLOC, chance/C-HLOC) were related to both specific health behaviours and global health appraisal, and whether these relationships were moderated by gender and age compositions, individualism, and power distance. Three-level mixed-effects meta-analysis was performed on studies examining the associations of HLOC with specific health behaviour (k = 76, N = 76,580, 57% women, Mage = 43.75) and global health appraisal (k = 95, N = 12,068, 57% women, Mage = 45.44), respectively. For specific health behaviour, the averaged correlations with the HLOC dimensions were generally weak (r’s = −.07 to.10). However, the links between P-HLOC and exercise were moderated by all four demographic moderators, and gender composition and individualism moderated the association between the HLOC dimensions and diet. For global health appraisal, all of the averaged correlations were statistically significant (r’s = −.16 to.21), except that between P-HLOC and mental quality of life. The results further showed individualism and power distance to moderate the links between the HLOC dimensions and both mental and physical quality of life, and gender composition to moderate those between these dimensions and two indicators of emotional problems (depression and anxiety).

DOI

10.1080/17437199.2016.1219672

Print ISSN

17437199

E-ISSN

17437202

Funding Information

This work was supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council under General Research Fund (HKU742312H) and the University of Hong Kong under Seed Funding Programme for Basic Research (201211159079).{HKU742312H; 201211159079}

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Language

English

Recommended Citation

Cheng, C., Cheung, M. W.-L., & Lo, B. C. Y. (2016). Relationship of health locus of control with specific health behaviours and global health appraisal: A meta-analysis and effects of moderators. Health Psychology Review, 10(4), 460-477. doi: 10.1080/17437199.2016.1219672

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