Wholesalers in international trade
European Economic Review
Wholesalers, International trade, Intermediated exports, Heterogeneous firms, Quality
Recent empirical research in international trade has revealed overwhelming evidence that, in all countries, a remarkably small proportion of firms report exports in Customs statistics. However, a large share of these are wholesalers. This suggests that the number of producers selling their products abroad might be much greater than that suggested by a simple count of the firms directly reporting their exports. This paper sheds light on the role of wholesalers in international trade. Our model uses very general assumptions to show that intermediated exporters may contribute significantly to the extension of countries' export opportunities. The model predicts a twofold role in international trade. First, wholesalers alleviate the difficulty of reaching less-accessible markets. Second, they help less-efficient firms to supply foreign markets, thus increasing the number of exported varieties at the aggregate level. We use French firm-level export data to provide empirical support for these two predictions.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.
This article also published as Crozet, M., Lalanne, G., & Poncet, S. (2010). Wholesalers in international trade. CEPII Working Paper, (2010-31). France: CEPII. Retrieved from http://www.cepii.fr/PDF_PUB/wp/2010/wp2010-31.pdf
Crozet, M., Lalanne, G., & Poncet, S. (2013). Wholesalers in international trade. European Economic Review, 58, 1-17. doi: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2012.10.005