Sijing BAI

Date of Award


Degree Type

TPG Capstone Project (Taught Postgraduate Project)


Sociology and Social Policy


Prof. Stefan KÜHNER


With the society’s development and progress, people are seeking a long and healthy life with improved life quality and a better living environment. Like many other economies worldwide, Singapore and Hong Kong are experiencing rapid population aging. The social welfare policy in Singapore is based on the individual and family as the foundation, the community as the middle-level organization, and the government taking a residual complementary role. In contrast, the elderly care model in Hong Kong can be divided into three types: aging in place, residential care, and aging out of Hong Kong. According to current statistics, Hong Kong has comparatively less government intervention, as well as a relatively small share of public housing and a small share of elderly housing. Such comparison can reveal that Singapore provides a more comprehensive public housing scheme for elderly residents through governmental, legal and institutional safeguards. However, it has to be acknowledged that while the Singapore model has merits, its applicability to a mature and developed market like Hong Kong is limited in consideration of the public housing model for the elderly. The Hong Kong government can learn from Singapore’s experience in the implementation of its elderly public housing policy and, by handling land supply issues flexibly and using large areas of land, make good use of resources for smoother operation of public housing.



Recommended Citation

Bai, S. (2023). A comparison of public housing policies for the elderly in Hong Kong and Singapore (TPG Capstone Project, Lingnan University, Hong Kong). Retrieved from

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