Thanks to his innovative use of leading words (lingzi), Liu Yong creates a multilayered structure for his poetic description and narration, which allows him to explore time and space, to involve things both far and near, to relate the parts to the whole, and to weave what is outside with what is inside.
Lian, X., & Cai, Z. (2023, Jan 3). Long Song Lyrics (manci) of the Song Dynasty: Liu Yong’s use of leading words (lingzi) . In How to read Chinese poetry podcast. Hong Kong: Lingnan University. Retrieved from https://commons.ln.edu.hk/poetry_podcast/49/