In 1598, Tang Xianzu, a renowned playwright in the Ming dynasty of China, has written one of his masterpieces, “The Peony Pavilion” (Mu Dan Ting or 牡丹亭). Peonies have particular implications in the Chinese context. Poems have used peonies very often. In simile, metaphor, or metonymy, peonies have become a sign of beauty and love. The Peony Pavilion is no exception. It talks about how two young lovers, Du Liniang and Liu Mengmei, transcend life and death barriers to pursue their love (Tang, 1886). “Peony” symbolizes the beautiful girl Du Liniang and their passion. What’s more, it may have implied the relationship between beauty and death.
Yow, T. C. (2021). Tang Xianzu’s Peony Pavilion: Intertextuality of its related texts. Cultural Studies@Lingnan, 69. Retrieved from https://commons.ln.edu.hk/mcsln/vol69/iss1/4/