其他篇名 Alternative Title
Female “Barbarians” saving Chinese loyalists : boundaries, gender and Hua-Yi debate in The Rock with Shadows of Blood
In the seventeenth-century chuanqi play Xieying shi 血影石 (The Rock with Shadows of Blood), the tributary state of the Ming Empire, Babai xifu guo 八百媳婦國 (Lanna Kingdom, primarily in modem Northern Thailand) leads a joint fleet of the states in the southern and western oceans to “correct” the moral failings of the Ming Empire in China. After the civil war, the victorious Yongle Emperor usurps the throne from his young nephew, the Jianwen Emperor, executes the latter’s loyal ministers and persecutes their families. This play raises the questions as to what defines Yi (the foreign barbarian) as opposed to Hua (the civilized Chinese) and how the Hua-Yi boundary may be re-imagined. Juxtaposing the play Xieying shi with two late Ming novel Yingiie zhuan 英烈傳 (The Record of Heroes and Martys) and Xiyangyi 西洋記（ (The Record of the Voyage to the Western Ocean), this article demonstrates that the representations of Hua-Yi relationship as in late Ming and early Qing fiction and drama change from division，then to intermixture, and finally to reversal. The author analyzes how the playwright Zhu Zuochao 朱佐朝 unsettles and reinvents the conventional ying/yang，margin/center, barbarity/civilization dichotomies to empower the subalterns such as Nü and Yi to become vital forces in the operation and reconstruct a geographical world order with the Babai xifu guo from the coastal margin as its center that challenges the Hua-Yi view from the “central kingdom” perspective.
朱佐朝, 《血影石》, 《英烈傳》, 《西洋記》, 華夷, Zhu Zuochao, Xieying shi, Yinglie zhuan, Xiyang ji, Hua-Yi dichotomy
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參考書目格式 Recommended Citation
劉瓊云 (2020)。女夷救忠臣 : 《血影石》中的性别、疆界與華夷辯證。《嶺南學報》，第十三輯，頁183-214。檢自 https://commons.ln.edu.hk/ljcs_new/vol13/iss1/9