Title

The role of workaholism in the job demands-resources model

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Anxiety, Stress and Coping

Publication Date

1-1-2016

Volume

29

Issue

4

First Page

400

Last Page

414

Publisher

Routledge

Keywords

Job demands, Job demands-resources model, Job resources, Work-family conflict, Workaholism

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The present study tries to gain more insight in workaholism by investigating its antecedents and consequences using the job demands-resources model.

Design: We hypothesized that job demands would be positively related to workaholism, particularly when job resources are low. In addition, we hypothesized that workaholism would be positively related to negative outcomes in three important life domains: health, family, and work.

Methods: The research involved 617 Italian workers (employees and self-employed). To test the hypotheses we applied structural equation modeling (SEM) and moderated structural equation modeling (MSEM) using Mplus 6.

Results: The results of SEM showed a good model where workload, cognitive demands, emotional demands, and customer-related social stressors were positively related to workaholism and work-family conflict (WFC) (partial mediation). Additionally, workaholism was indirectly related to exhaustion and intentions to change jobs through WFC. Moreover, MSEM analyses confirmed that job resources (job security and opportunities for development) buffered the relationship between job demands and workaholism. Particularly, the interaction effects were statistically significant in five out of eight combinations.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that workaholism is a function of a suboptimal work environment and predicts unfavorable employee outcomes. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

DOI

10.1080/10615806.2015.1070833

Print ISSN

10615806

E-ISSN

14772205

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Molino, M., Bakker, A. B., & Ghislieri, C. (2016). The role of workaholism in the job demands-resources model. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 29(4), 400-414. doi: 10.1080/10615806.2015.1070833

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