Title

Political transition to democracy : the role of the security sector and regional economic communities in Zimbabwe and Cote d'ivoire's democratic puzzle

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

African Security Review

Publication Date

6-24-2014

Volume

23

Issue

3

First Page

295

Last Page

306

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Keywords

Cote d'Ivoire, democratisation, elections, multinational institutions, political transition, security sector, Zimbabwe

Abstract

This paper argues that the crisis of electoral democracy in Zimbabwe and Cote d'Ivoire is a result of underlying structural and institutional deficiencies within national and regional multinational institutions. It assesses the extent to which they have been ‘enablers’ or ‘spoilers’ of electoral-based transitions to democracy. Yet it avoids generalisations of the security sector's involvement in political transitions. In terms of structure, the paper is divided into four sections. Section one will briefly discuss the theoretical perspectives of the election-democracy trajectory. It argues that although elections are a major variable for democracy, unless the ‘ecology of elections’ is conducive, elections may not be an instrument of transition to democracy. The second section analyses the militarisation of politics and the role of the security sector in aiding or stalling democratisation. Section three will assess the role of regional organisations such as the Southern African Development Community, Economic Community of West African States and the African Union in electoral-based political transitions in Africa. Lastly, the paper will discuss how the security sector and multinational African institutions can aid political transitions to democracy in troubled African countries.

DOI

10.1080/10246029.2014.925483

Print ISSN

10246029

E-ISSN

21540128

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2014 Institute for Security Studies. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Hodzi, O. (2014). Political transition to democracy: The role of the security sector and regional economic communities in Zimbabwe and Cote d'Ivoire's democratic puzzle. African Security Review, 23(3), 295-306. doi: 10.1080/10246029.2014.925483

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