A study of housing typology and perceived age-friendliness in an established Hong Kong new town : a person-environment perspective
Housing typology, Age-friendly city, Well-being, P-E fit, Hong Kong
Our study examines older people’s perceptions towards the urban environment and their spatial experiences through a person-environment perspective. We argue that Person-Environment (P-E) fit is critical to older people’s quality of life: positive environmental stimuli and personal adaptation competence have been held to influence this fit, and quality of fit will eventually affect interactions between older people and place. In a mixed- methods study, a context sensitive place audit was applied to a new town in Hong Kong, with a view to iden- tifying strengths and weaknesses in the built environment and older people’s own strategies of living. Through 302 questionnaires and three focus groups with older participants, the results revealed high appreciation of outdoor spaces, transportation and social participation. The findings also indicate a strong association between housing typology and perceived age-friendliness. People accommodated in public housing estates tended to accord higher scores to their living environment although social exclusion was identified among oldest-old respondents in particular. Older people’s affective links with their living environment across time and their unique life-course experiences may help to explain their relatively relaxed attitudes when they face changes and hardships.
Data collection was supported by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
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Sun, Y., Phillips, D. R. & Wong, M. (2018). A study of housing typology and perceived age-friendliness in an established Hong Kong new town: A person-environment perspective. Geoforum, 88, 17-27. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2017.11.001