Title

沼泽人疑难与历时整体论

Alternative Title

The Swampman puzzle and diachronic holism

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

哲学研究

Publication Date

11-2016

Volume

2016

Issue

11

First Page

114

Last Page

122

Publisher

科學出版社

Keywords

沼澤人心靈, 目的論語義學, 歷時整體論, 回顧必然性

Abstract

如果歷史對于心靈是必要的話,那么前者以何種方式對后者構成約束而使之具備諸如意向性、內容之類的規范性地位?本文通過對沼澤人思想實驗的分析,對這些問題給出一種歷時整體論的獨特解答,即瞬間形成的沼澤人仍具有規范意義上的心靈。歷時整體論既反對包括目的論語義學在內的狹義歷史主義立場,但又不輕視自然主義進化論的解釋作用。本文引入了回顧必然性這一特殊模態概念,并說明在何種意義上它可成為歷時整體論的核心觀念。

How does history constitute a constraint on mind so as to make mind possess such normative statuses such as intentionality and content? This paper yields a unique, diachronically holistic answer to this question via a novel analysis of the Swampman thought experiment. Diachronic holism distinguishes itself from the sort of narrow historicist position represented by teleosemantics while granting no less importance to the explanatory role of evolution.A special modal notion of retrospective necessity is introduced with an eye to explicating the sense in which it serves as the core concept of diachronic holism.

Print ISSN

10000216

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2016 中国社会科学院哲学研究所. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

鄭宇健 (2016)。沼澤人疑難與歷時整體論。《哲學研究》,2016(11), 114-122。

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