莎士比亚悲剧中的道德张力 = Moral tensions in Shakespeare’s tragedies
悲剧, 文艺复兴, 莎士比亚, 《哈姆莱特》, 《奥瑟罗》, 《李尔王》, 《麦克白》
After a long hiatus of 2,000 years,the art of tragedy peaked once again in the Elizabethan England,and its indisputable representative is William Shakespeare,whose name has become familiar to readers all over the world. Although he is less prolific than the three Greek masters,all his twelve tragedies have survived his time and four of them,namely,Hamlet,Macbeth,King Lear,and Othello,are remembered as arguably his best works. If we examine these four texts alongside one another,we may find that they share an important commonality,that is,they all deal with the prevalent tension of the age between the existing Christian moral order inherited from the medieval times and the onslaught of individualism which is thought to be the foundation of modernity. Critics in the past seemed to have a tendency to overemphasize Shakespeare’s extolment of the new Renaissance man,but the fact is that his view of human nature in general is rather somber or at least ambiguous. More often than not,his tragic works leave upon readers a great sense of regret over the collapse of traditional monarchy and the erosion of Christian family ethic.
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