Title

实际政治权力结构与地方经济增长 : 中国革命战争的长期影响 = Distribution of de facto political power and regional economic growth : the long-run effects of China’s Revolutionary War

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

经济研究 = Economic Research Journal

Publication Date

12-2014

Volume

2014

Issue

12

First Page

45

Last Page

59

Publisher

中国社会科学院经济研究所

Keywords

實際政治權力, 名義制度, 非正式關系, 經濟增長, De Facto Political Power, De Jure Institution, Informal Relationships/Connections, Economic Growth

Abstract

本文分析了各地區在建國初期從革命戰爭中繼承下來的實際政治權力的分布狀況,并說明這一初始的結構特征對此后的經濟增長具有長期影響。本文從非正式政治關系的角度構建指標,度量地方實際政治權力和中央名義制度的權威,以中國1952-2008年29個地區為樣本進行實證檢驗。結果顯示,地方實際政治權力與中央名義制度之間的互動有助于解釋地區差距的動態變化。地方實際政治權力偏向于基層干部和群眾的地區,經濟增長速度在20世紀50、60年代與其他地區并無顯著差異,但從70年代初開始隨著中央實際權力的弱化,開始快于其他地區。

We analyze the distribution of de facto political power for each region at the beginning of the state as the heritage of China’s Revolutionary War, and show that this initial distribution of local de facto political power has long-run impacts on subsequent economic growth. We measure the local and central de facto political power in terms of informal relationships, and test our hypothesis by using a sample of China’s 29 provinces from 1952—2008.We find that the interaction between local de facto political power and efficacy of formal institutions explains the dynamics of regional disparity among regions.Regions where initial de facto political power was biased towards grass-roots cadres and other elites, performed with no difference before the early 1970s, but since then started growing at higher rates after a sudden drop in efficacy of de jure institution.

Print ISSN

05779154

Funding Information

本研究得到国家自然科学基金会主任基金项目 (71350002)、国家自然科学基金会面上项目 (71273012)、中中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目 (NKZXB1428、NKZXA1110、NKZXA1403)、天津社会科学项目 (TJLJ12-008) 的资助。

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2014 中国社会科学院经济研究所

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Full-text Version

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Recommended Citation

李飞跃、张冬、刘明兴 (2014)。实际政治权力结构与地方经济增长 : 中国革命战争的长期影响 = Distribution of de facto political power and regional economic growth: The long-run effects of China’s Revolutionary War。《经济研究 = Economic Research Journal》,2014(12),45-59。