Title

Risk-based capital and firm risk taking in property-liability insurance

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance : Issues and Practice

Publication Date

4-2013

Volume

38

Issue

2

First Page

274

Last Page

307

Publisher

Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.

Keywords

risk-based capital, regulatory effect, capital, risk

Abstract

This research investigates the relationship between capital and risk in property-liability insurers from 1993 to 2007. Three-stage least squares estimation is used to investigate the relationship between capital and two types of risk: underwriting and asset risk. Overall the results suggest that risk and capital are positively related, so that capital increases are associated with increases in investment and underwriting risk. This positive relationship was not consistently significant in 1993, prior to the implementation of risk-based capital (RBC) requirements. Both under-capitalised insurers and marginally adequately capitalised insurers adjusted their capital and risk towards firm targets at a higher speed than well-capitalised insurers in the post-RBC period. But underwriting and asset risk also increased for less well-capitalised insurers.

DOI

10.1057/gpp.2013.2

Print ISSN

10185895

E-ISSN

14680440

Funding Information

Financial support from the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars (Grant #2012940) and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (New Teachers Grant #Z1025420) of the Ministry of Education of China.

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2013 The International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics

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Full-text Version

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Recommended Citation

Cheng, J., & Weiss, M. A. (2013). Risk-based capital and firm risk taking in property-liability insurance. The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance: Issues and Practice, 38(2), 274-307. doi: 10.1057/gpp.2013.2