Title

A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce

Authors

David A. RALSTON, University of Oklahoma, USAFollow
Carolyn P. EGRI, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Emmanuelle REYNAUD, IAE d’Aix-en-Provence, Aix en Provence Cedex 2, France
Narasimhan SRINIVASAN, University of Connecticut, USAFollow
Olivier FURRER, Radboud University Nijmegen, The NetherlandsFollow
David BROCK, Ben-Gurion University, IsraelFollow
Ruth ALAS, Estonia Business School, Estonia
Florian WANGENHEIM, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Germany
Fidel León DARDER, University of Valencia, Spain
Christine KUO, Yuan-Ze University, TaiwanFollow
Vojko POTOCAN, University of Maribor, SloveniaFollow
Audra I. MOCKAITIS, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Erna SZABO, Johannes Kepler Universität, Austria
Jaime Ruiz GUTIÉRREZ, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
Andre PEKERTI, University of Auckland, New ZealandFollow
Arif BUTT, Lahore University of Management Sciences, PakistanFollow
Ian PALMER, University of Technology Sydney, AustraliaFollow
Irina NAOUMOVA, University of Hartford, United StatesFollow
Tomasz LENARTOWICZ, Florida Atlantic University, United StatesFollow
Arunas STARKUS, CIBER-Vilnius, LithuaniaFollow
Vu Thanh HUNG, National Economics University, Vietnam
Tevfik DALGIC, University of Dallas, United StatesFollow
Mario MOLTENI, Catholic University of Milan, ItalyFollow
María Teresa de la Garza CARRANZA, Instituto Tecnolo´gico de Celaya, MexicoFollow
Isabelle MAIGNAN, VU University Amsterdam, The NetherlandsFollow
Francisco B. CASTRO, CEMPRE-Universidade do Porto, PortugalFollow
Yonglin MOON, Seoul National University, South KoreaFollow
Jane TERPSTRA-TONG, Monash University, MalaysiaFollow
Marina DABIC, University of Zagreb, CroatiaFollow
Yongjuan LI, Chinese Academy of Science, China
Wade DANISFollow
Maria KANGASNIEMI
Mahfooz ANSARIFollow
Liesl RIDDLE
Laurie MILTONFollow
Philip HALLINGERFollow
Detelin ELENKOVFollow
Ilya GIRSON
Modesta GEIBUDA
Prem RAMBURUTHFollow
Tania CASADO
Ana Maria ROSSIFollow
Malika RICHARDS
Cheryl Van DEUSENFollow
Ping-Ping FUFollow
Man Kei, Paulina WAN, Lingnan University, Hong KongFollow
Mo Lin, Moureen TANG, Lingnan University, Hong KongFollow
Chay-Hoon LEEFollow
Ho-Beng CHIAFollow
Yongquin FAN
Alan WALLACEFollow

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Journal of Business Ethics

Publication Date

11-1-2011

Volume

104

Issue

1

First Page

1

Last Page

31

Keywords

Cultural values, International management, Schwartz Values Survey

Abstract

This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective autonomy, intellectual autonomy, egalitarianism, and harmony. For each society, we report the Cronbach’s α statistics for each values dimension scale to assess their internal consistency (reliability) as well as report interrater agreement (IRA) analyses to assess the acceptability of using aggregated individual level values scores to represent country values. We also examined whether societal development level is related to systematic variation in the measurement and importance of values. Thus, the contributions of our evaluation of the SVS values dimensions are two-fold. First, we identify the SVS dimensions that have cross-culturally internally reliable structures and within-society agreement for business professionals. Second, we report the society cultural values scores developed from the twenty-first century data that can be used as macro-level predictors in multilevel and single-level international business research.

DOI

10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8

Print ISSN

01674544

E-ISSN

15730697

Publisher Statement

Copyright © The Author(s) 2011

Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Ralston, D. A., Egri, C. P., Reynaud, E., Srinivasan, N., Furrer, O., Brock, D, …Wallace, A. (2011). A twenty-first century assessment of values across the global workforce. Journal of Business Ethics, 104(1), 1-31. doi: 10.1007/s10551-011-0835-8