The collectivization famine in Kazakhstan, 1931-1933
Harvard Ukrainian Studies
Kazakhstan was a Soviet republic in which nomadic or semi-nomadic herdsmen constituted an exceptionally large percentage of the population. Here, Pianciola talks about the collectivization famine in the country from 1931 to 1933. Among other things, he notes that the collapse of agricultural production and animal husbandry, the inability to contain the social crisis triggered by collectivization, and the increasingly insistent protests arriving from the apparatchiks in Kazakhstan, especially from Kazakh officials, convinced Moscow to remove the Goloshchekin in January 1933, at the height of famine.
Pianciola, N. (2001). The collectivization famine in Kazakhstan, 1931-1933. Harvard Ukrainian Studies, 25(3-4), 237-251.