Title

What we know about transitional justice : survey and experimental evidence

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Political Psychology

Publication Date

2-2017

Volume

38

Issue

Supplement S1

First Page

151

Last Page

177

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.

Keywords

transitional justice, truth commissions, international tribunals, lustration, reparation, apology

Abstract

Transitional justice encompasses a variety of measures devised to overcome legacies of gross human rights violations and other historical injustices. The spread of international criminal tribunals, truth commissions, inclusive alternatives to purges, and apologies represents one of the most fascinating intellectual developments in legal and social studies. What do we know about the social efficacy of transitional justice measures? This article reviews 25 studies that provided quantitative evidence about the effects of transitional justice gathered at the individual-level analysis and situates them in the context of other studies on major transitional justice interventions: truth commissions, international criminal tribunals, lustration (vetting), reparation, and apologies. The article concludes that (1) transitional justice matters in dealing with the past; (2) justice is understood as a social-political category rather than a legal category; (3) past experiences affect attitudes to transitional justice as well as its outcomes; (4) different victims have needs for different transitional justice measures; (5) the outcomes of transitional justice depend on its context and implementation; (6) truth-sharing may produce both positive and negative effects; and (7) reconciliatory measures may produce positive social effects.

DOI

10.1111/pops.12395

Print ISSN

0162895X

E-ISSN

14679221

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2017 International Society of Political Psychology. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

David, R. (2017). What we know about transitional justice: Survey and experimental evidence. Political Psychology, 38(Supplement S1), 151–177. doi: 10.1111/pops.12395