Title

Stalinist spatial hierarchies : placing the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in Soviet economic regionalization

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Central Asian Survey

Publication Date

1-2017

Volume

36

Issue

1

First Page

73

Last Page

92

Publisher

Routledge

Keywords

Stalinism, colonization, pastoral nomads, sedentarization, regionalization

Abstract

Based on research in Russian and Kazakhstani archives, this article investigates connections between policies of peasant colonization, the sedentarization of pastoral nomadic peoples, and the economic regionalization of the USSR. After analysing debates from the 1920s, and limited sedentarization among Kazakhs and Kyrgyz during collectivization, the article argues that only by focusing on the economic regionalization of Central Asia, which placed the Kazakhs and the Kyrgyz in two different economic regions with dissimilar priorities, is it possible to explain the radically different outcomes of early Stalinist policies for similar pastoral peoples. The increased central control brought by the Stalinist Great Turn created a new spatial hierarchy directly connecting the bottom of the Soviet social and spatial pyramid, the livestock-breeding regions, to its top, the elite regime cities. The exclusion of the Kyrgyz ASSR from the massive livestock procurements that fed the Soviet political and industrial centres, and which led to the great famine in Kazakhstan (1931–33), can be explained by early Stalinist economic regionalization.

DOI

10.1080/02634937.2016.1221380

Print ISSN

02634937

E-ISSN

14653354

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2017 Routledge. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Pianciola, N. (2017). Stalinist spatial hierarchies: Placing the Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in Soviet economic regionalization. Central Asian Survey, 36(1), 73-92. doi: 10.1080/02634937.2016.1221380