Title

The relationship of social support with well-being outcomes via work–family conflict : moderating effects of gender, dependants and nationality

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Human Relations

Publication Date

5-2017

Volume

70

Issue

5

First Page

544

Last Page

565

Publisher

Sage Publications Ltd.

Keywords

cross-national research, dependants, gender, moderated mediation, social support, well-being, work–family conflict

Abstract

The impact of work–family conflict on well-being outcomes is well established, as is the role of social support in buffering perceptions of conflict. What is less well understood is how these relationships vary for different groups of respondents. Using a two-wave longitudinal design with a 12-month time lag and samples of employees (total N = 2183) from Australia, New Zealand, China and Hong Kong, the present research investigated whether the mediating relationships between social support, work–family conflict and well-being outcomes were moderated by gender, geographical region and the presence of dependants in the household. Supervisor support and family support were associated with lower work–family conflict, and hence reduced psychological strain and increased job and family satisfaction, for women and for employees in China and Hong Kong, but not for employees in Australia and New Zealand. However, the presence of dependants was not a significant moderator. Our findings illustrate the importance of exploring gender and national differences in work–family conflict research, particularly the investigation of cross-domain effects.

DOI

10.1177/0018726716662696

Print ISSN

00187267

E-ISSN

1741282X

Funding Information

This research was supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Grant Scheme (grant number: DP0770109).

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2017 Sage Publications Ltd. Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Drummond, S., O’Driscoll, M. P., Brough, P., Kalliath, T., Siu, O.-L., Timms, C,...Lo, D. (2017). The relationship of social support with well-being outcomes via work–family conflict : moderating effects of gender, dependants and nationality. Human Relations, 70(5), 544-565. doi: 10.1177/0018726716662696