Title

政府购买服务的理论与实践 : 中国香港的案例 = Purchase of services in Hong Kong : theory and practice

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

中国公共政策评论 = Chinese Public Policy Review

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Volume

5

First Page

68

Last Page

90

Publisher

上海人民出版社

Keywords

政府购买服务, 管理主义, 福利治理, 非政府组织, Purchase Of Service, Managerialism, Welfare Governance, Non-Governmental Organization

Abstract

在20世纪70年代的福利国家危机中,新右派对社会服务进行市场化改革,以政府购买服务的形式减轻政府财政负担,并以物有所值、问责和頋客为本等管理主义价值对社会服务购买进行管理,使福利国家转型为管理型国家。不过,管理主义在社会福利领域的适用性一直存在争论。中国香港在20世纪90年代中期循着类似的思路启动了社会福利津贴制度改革,并建立了一套政府购买服务的整笔拨款资助制度。本文以中国香港作为个案,结合文本内容分析和访谈,考察管理主义力导下的政府购买服务对从事社会服务提供的非政府组织在资源和权力方面的影响,并为中国内地的社会建设提供参考。

Welfare state was in crisis in 1970s. To reduce public finance burden on welfare state, the New Right advocated marketization of social services, and replaced government provision with service purchase. The process of purchasing services is managed in accordance with the doctrines of managerialism, such as value for money, accountability and customer-orientation. This managerial reform has brought about fundamental changes in social services in western welfare states. How-ever, the application of managerialism in social services is a long-term controversial issue. Inspired by the ideas of managerialism, Hong Kong government initiated its social services subvention policy reform in 1990s. As a result, a 'Lump Sum Grant Subvention System', (LSGSS) was established at the turn of the century. The study examines how the LSGSS changes the financial resources and political power of subvented NGOs. Based on the experience of Hong Kong, the paper also tries to provide some implications for social services development in mainland China.

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 上海人民出版社 2011

Additional Information

ISBN of the source publication: 9787543220355

本文的初稿《香港社会福利资助制度改革 : 管理主义对非政府组织的影响》曾在2011年4月中山大学政治与公共事务管理学院主办的第一届三地博士生学术论坛上宣读。

Recommended Citation

温卓毅 (2011)。政府购买服务的理论与实践 : 中国香港的案例 = Purchase of services in Hong Kong: Theory and practice。《中国公共政策评论 = Chinese Public Policy Review》,5,68-90。

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