Title

The productive and protective dimensions of welfare in Asia and the Pacific : pathways towards human development and income equality?

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy

Publication Date

6-1-2015

Volume

31

Issue

2

First Page

151

Last Page

173

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Keywords

productive welfare, welfare typologies, social development, fuzzy set analysis

Abstract

This article draws on recent data provided by the Asian Development Bank's Social Protection Index and uses Fuzzy Set Ideal Type Analysis to develop ideal types of welfare activity to which 29 countries in Asia and the Pacific can have varying degrees of membership. There is little evidence that the commitment to “productive” and “protective” welfare is oriented along broad geographical units or predetermined by economic affluence and the size of the informal economy. It also adds an explorative Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis to test the effect of “productive” and “protective” welfare properties on human development and income equality. Here, it finds that the absence of strong income protection is most clearly linked to low human development at the macro-level; high education investment is linked to high income inequality if governments fail to invest in employment and income protection or employment protection and training, respectively.

DOI

10.1080/21699763.2015.1047395

Print ISSN

21699763

E-ISSN

2169978X

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2015 Taylor & Francis

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Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Kühner, S. (2015). The productive and protective dimensions of welfare in Asia and the Pacific: Pathways towards human development and income equality? Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 31(2), 151-173. doi: 10.1080/21699763.2015.1047395