Fragility of happiness beliefs across 15 national groups

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Journal of Happiness Studies

Publication Date



Advance online publication


Fragility of happiness, Happiness, Well-being, Culture, Fear of happiness


The belief that happiness is fragile—that it is fleeting and may easily turn into less favourable states—is common across individuals and cultures. However, not much is known about this belief domain and its structure and correlates. In the present study, we use multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel modelling to investigate the measurement invariance, cross-level isomorphism, predictive validity, and nomological network of the fragility of happiness scale across 15 nations. The results show that this scale has good statistical properties at both individual and cultural levels, and is associated with relevant psycho-social concepts in expected directions. The importance of the results, limitations, and potential directions for future research are discussed.



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Copyright © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

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Recommended Citation

Joshanloo, M., Weijers, D., Jiang, D.-Y., Han, G., Bae, J., Pang, J. S, … Natalia, A. (2014). Fragility of happiness beliefs across 15 national groups. Journal of Happiness Studies. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9553-0