Title

Can interpersonal competition be constructive within organizations?

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

The Journal of Psychology : Interdisciplinary and Applied

Publication Date

1-1-2003

Volume

137

Issue

1

First Page

63

Last Page

84

Keywords

Competition, Constructive competition, Cooperation, Social interdependence

Abstract

An empirical analysis was conducted on the conditions under which competition can be constructive. The participants were 64 managers and 28 employees from organizations in mainland China. They were asked to describe specific incidents of competition between them and their fellow employees and rate on a 7-point Likert-type scale the conditions that they perceived affected the outcomes. The incidents could involve either a physical activity or an intellectual task or both. Results showed that the variables related to constructive competition included the fairness of the rules, the motivation to win, having an advantage that enhanced one's chances of winning, a strong positive relationship among competitors, and a history of confirming each other's competence. By controlling these factors, the constructiveness of competition may be enhanced.

DOI

10.1080/00223980309600600

Print ISSN

00223980

E-ISSN

19401019

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2003 Taylor & Francis

Access to external full text or publisher's version may require subscription.

Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Tjosvold, D., Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T., & Sun, H. (2003). Can interpersonal competition be constructive within organizations? Journal of Psychology, 137(1), 63-84. doi: 10.1080/00223980309600600