Process R&D and product line deletion by a multiproduct monopolist
Journal of Economics
Relative to single-product firms, a multiproduct monopolist can internalize the negative externalities of its R&D investments (the "cannibalization effect") in two ways: (1) To lower R&D investment for each product; and (2) To delete some of its product lines so as to enlarge the market size for the remaining lines. It is shown that line deletion is profitable if products are close substitutes. If products are not close substitutes, the multiproduct monopolist keeps all product lines and invests less in cost-reducing R&D than single-product firms engaging in Cournot competition with product differentiation. However, it invests more in R&D than single-product firms if there are significant economies of scope in R&D, or if the oligopolistic firms can cooperate in their R&D decisions.
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Lin, P. (2007). Process R&D and product line deletion by a multiproduct monopolist. Journal of Economics, 91(3), 245-262. doi: 10.1007/s00712-007-0260-8