Title

Machine learning for direct marketing response models : Bayesian networks with evolutionary programming

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Management Science

Publication Date

4-1-2006

Volume

52

Issue

4

First Page

597

Last Page

612

Keywords

Bayesian networks, Data mining, Direct marketing, Evolutionary programming, Machine learning

Abstract

Machine learning methods are powerful tools for data mining with large noisy databases and give researchers the opportunity to gain new insights into consumer behavior and to improve the performance of marketing operations. To model consumer responses to direct marketing, this study proposes Bayesian networks learned by evolutionary programming. Using a large direct marketing data set, we tested the endogeneity bias in the recency, frequency, monetary value (RFM) variables using the control function approach; compared the results of Bayesian networks with those of neural networks, classification and regression tree (CART), and latent class regression; and applied a tenfold cross-validation. The results suggest that Bayesian networks have distinct advantages over the other methods in accuracy of prediction, transparency of procedures, interpretability of results, and explanatory insight. Our findings lend strong support to Bayesian networks as a robust tool for modeling consumer response and other marketing problems and for assisting management decision making.

DOI

10.1287/mnsc.1060.0514

Print ISSN

00251909

E-ISSN

15265501

Publisher Statement

Copyright © INFORMS

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Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Cui, G., Wong, M. L., & Lui, H.-K. (2006). Machine learning for direct marketing response models: Bayesian networks with evolutionary programming. Management Science, 52(4), 597-612. doi: 10.1287/mnsc.1060.0514