Heritability and indirect causation
Philosophy of Science
Genetic differences can lead to phenotypic differences either directly or indirectly (via causing differences in external environments, which then affect phenotype). This possibility of genetic effects being mediated by environmental influences is often used by scientists and philosophers to argue that heritability is not a very helpful causal or explanatory notion. In this paper it is shown that these criticisms are based on serious misconceptions about methods of behavior genetics.
Copyright © 2003 by the Philosophy of Science Association
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Sesardic, N. (2003). Heritability and indirect causation. Philosophy of Science, 70(5), 1002-1014. doi: 10.1086/377384