Title

Goal interdependence and leader-member relationship for cross-cultural leadership in foreign ventures in China

Document Type

Journal article

Source Publication

Leadership and Organization Development Journal

Publication Date

1-1-2008

Volume

29

Issue

2

First Page

144

Last Page

166

Keywords

China, Cross-cultural management, Intergroup relations, Joint ventures, Team working

Abstract

Purpose - This study seeks to empirically examine the impact of goal interdependence and leader-member relationship on cross-cultural leadership in joint ventures in China.

Design/methodology/approach - The research question is how to facilitate leader-member relationships between foreign managers and Chinese employees in joint ventures in China. Two hypotheses were generated. This study applies the theory of cooperation and competition and the theory of LMX to develop responses to the research questions. Completed survey questionnaires were analyzed on a valid sample of 199.

Findings - Results supported the theorizing that cooperative goals between managers and employees can strengthen their leader-member relationships, which in turn facilitate cross-cultural leadership. The results also extended this theorizing to cross-cultural settings.

Research limitations/implications - Although the theory of cooperation and competition and the theory of LMX were developed in the West, they could be useful in Chinese contexts for understanding cross-cultural leadership.

Practical implications - Foreign managers working in joint ventures in China who develop strongly cooperative goals may be able to develop high quality relationships that in turn promote employee commitment and performance.

Originality/value - This study provides overall support for the theory of cooperation and competition and the theory of LMX. Although developed in the West, they have been found useful for predicating behavior in Chinese contexts regarding cross-cultural leadership.

DOI

10.1108/01437730810852498

Print ISSN

01437739

E-ISSN

14725347

Publisher Statement

Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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Full-text Version

Publisher’s Version

Recommended Citation

Chen, N. Y., & Tjosvold, D. (2008). Goal interdependence and leader-member relationship for cross-cultural leadership in foreign ventures in China. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 29(2), 144-166. doi: 10.1108/01437730810852498