Journal of Organizational Behavior
Data were collected from managers in 24 nations/territories on work locus of control (LOC), individualism-collectivism (I-C), and well-being (job satisfaction, absence of psychological strain, and absence of physical strain). There were significant mean differences across samples on all five of these measures, and consistent with the hypothesis, at the ecological or sample mean level well-being was associated with an internal locus of control. However, well-being was not associated with I-C, despite a strong correlation between I-C and LOC.
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
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Paper presented at the Southern Management Association 2003 Annual Meeting, Clearwater Beach, Florida, November 12-15, 2003.
Accepted Author Manuscript
Spector, P. E., Cooper, C. L., Sanchez, J. I., O'driscoll, M., Sparks, K., Bernin, P,...Yu, S. (2001). Do national levels of individualism and internal locus of control relate to well-being: An ecological level international study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(8), 815-832. doi: 10.1002/job.118