Start Date

8-12-2012 3:45 PM

End Date

8-12-2012 5:00 PM

Description

摘要

由于近些年生物技术的突飞猛进,世界各国已经展开了一场类似于核竞赛,又远比核竞赛更为隐秘和严重的基因竞赛,我们需要认识转基因竞赛甚至战争的性质,走出技术化的缺乏主体性的转基因话语讨论。转基因研发推广过程中,有七股力量已经联合,形成一个利益共同体,使得转基因大潮势不可挡:跨国粮商得利润、外国政府得战略、地方政府得政绩、中资公司得好处、科研院所得经费、国家部门得租金、种粮农民得闲暇。我们需要认识让生存逻辑和生命逻辑,服从于商业逻辑和政治逻辑的转基因利益结构,认识其可能导致人类生存危机等系统性风险,旗帜鲜明地反对转基因育种和产业化推广;退一步讲,即使进行转基因技术的研发,也要采用国家集中体制,以防止类似核扩散的基因技术不可控行为的发生,阻止一场在种子领域的殖民掠夺;同时重点发展和推广常规育种,强化农田水利建设,采用更为安全可行的措施,以阻止人类在转基因领域的自杀式竞争。

[Transgenic Discourse, Interest Structure and Gene Competition]

Abstract

Since the rapid development of the biotechnology in recent years, the countries in the world have already started a new kind of competition—genetic competition, which is similar to nuclear arms race but far more secret and serious. We need to recognize the nature of the transgenic contest and genetic war, getting out from the subjectivity-absent technical discussion on transgenic technology. In the process of transgenic research and development(R&D), seven forces have already jointed and formed a “community of interests”, pushing the transgenic trends overwhelming: the international food dealers gain profits, foreign government wins strategy, local government achieves performance, Chinese-funded companies get benefits, research institutions get funds, national sectors have rent, peasants enjoy leisure time. We need to know that the logic of survival and life is submitted to the logic of commerce and politics which lie in the transgenic interests’ structure. We also should recognize that the systemic risk of transgenic technology may lead to human survival crisis, and thus we should strongly oppose the transgenic breeding and industrialization extension. Say the least, even if we decide to start the transgenic technology development, we should adopt the national-centralization system in order to prevent the uncontrollable behaviors in gene technology and stop the colonial plunder in seeds. At the same time, we need to focus on the conventional breeding and the farmland infrastructure, adopting more safe and feasible measures to prevent the suicide competition in the genes field.

Streaming Media

2-Zhouli GMO.ppt (1450 kB)
Presentation Material

Zhou Li-abstract&paper-en.doc (89 kB)
English Version

Recommended Citation

周立 (2012,12月)。转基因话语、利益结构与基因竞赛。發表於 2012可持續實踐與鄉村建設國際研討會,西南大学,中國重慶市。

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Dec 8th, 3:45 PM Dec 8th, 5:00 PM

转基因话语、利益结构与基因竞赛

摘要

由于近些年生物技术的突飞猛进,世界各国已经展开了一场类似于核竞赛,又远比核竞赛更为隐秘和严重的基因竞赛,我们需要认识转基因竞赛甚至战争的性质,走出技术化的缺乏主体性的转基因话语讨论。转基因研发推广过程中,有七股力量已经联合,形成一个利益共同体,使得转基因大潮势不可挡:跨国粮商得利润、外国政府得战略、地方政府得政绩、中资公司得好处、科研院所得经费、国家部门得租金、种粮农民得闲暇。我们需要认识让生存逻辑和生命逻辑,服从于商业逻辑和政治逻辑的转基因利益结构,认识其可能导致人类生存危机等系统性风险,旗帜鲜明地反对转基因育种和产业化推广;退一步讲,即使进行转基因技术的研发,也要采用国家集中体制,以防止类似核扩散的基因技术不可控行为的发生,阻止一场在种子领域的殖民掠夺;同时重点发展和推广常规育种,强化农田水利建设,采用更为安全可行的措施,以阻止人类在转基因领域的自杀式竞争。

[Transgenic Discourse, Interest Structure and Gene Competition]

Abstract

Since the rapid development of the biotechnology in recent years, the countries in the world have already started a new kind of competition—genetic competition, which is similar to nuclear arms race but far more secret and serious. We need to recognize the nature of the transgenic contest and genetic war, getting out from the subjectivity-absent technical discussion on transgenic technology. In the process of transgenic research and development(R&D), seven forces have already jointed and formed a “community of interests”, pushing the transgenic trends overwhelming: the international food dealers gain profits, foreign government wins strategy, local government achieves performance, Chinese-funded companies get benefits, research institutions get funds, national sectors have rent, peasants enjoy leisure time. We need to know that the logic of survival and life is submitted to the logic of commerce and politics which lie in the transgenic interests’ structure. We also should recognize that the systemic risk of transgenic technology may lead to human survival crisis, and thus we should strongly oppose the transgenic breeding and industrialization extension. Say the least, even if we decide to start the transgenic technology development, we should adopt the national-centralization system in order to prevent the uncontrollable behaviors in gene technology and stop the colonial plunder in seeds. At the same time, we need to focus on the conventional breeding and the farmland infrastructure, adopting more safe and feasible measures to prevent the suicide competition in the genes field.