The high growth and wide fluctuations of fixed investment are the main driving forces of the rate of inflation in China in the reform period. Investment expansion generates strong demand pressures in the consumption goods market. Its inflationary impact is magnified further as it brings about higher wage costs during a boom. An implied short-run tradeoff is derived from dynamic simulation of a small macroeconomics model. In a given year, each additional percentage point of economic growth or investment growth leads to, respectively, a 2.7 or a 0.9 percent increase in the rate of inflation that year.
Imai, H. (1995). Growth-inflation tradeoff in China (CAPS Working Paper Series No.25). Retrieved from Lingnan University website: http://commons.ln.edu.hk/capswp/49